Pulmonology

Department of Pulmonology

Pulmonology is a medical speciality that deals with diseases involving the respiratory tract. Pulmonology also known as chest medicine and respiratory medicine in some countries and areas. Pulmonology is considered a branch of internal medicine and often involves managing patients who need life support and mechanical ventilation. Pulmonologists are specially trained in diseases and conditions of the chest, particularly pneumonia, asthma, tuberculosis, emphysema, and complicated chest infections.

Procedures

Major surgical procedures on the heart and lungs are performed by a thoracic surgeon. Pulmonologists often perform specialized procedures to get samples from the inside of the chest or inside of the lung. They use radiographic techniques to view vasculature of the lungs and heart to assist with diagnosis.

  Laboratory investigation of blood (blood tests). Sometimes arterial blood gas measurements are also required.

 Spirometry the determination of maximum airflow at a given lung volume as measured by breathing into a dedicated machine; this is the key test to diagnose airflow obstruction.

 Pulmonary Function Tests spirometry, as above, plus response to bronchodilators, lung volumes, and diffusion capacity, the latter a measure of lung oxygen absorptive area

 Bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), endobronchial and transbronchial biopsy and epithelial brushing

 Chest X-rays

 CT scanning (MRI scanning is rarely used)

 Scintigraphy and other methods of nuclear medicine

 Positron emission tomography (especially in lung cancer)Polysomnography (sleep studies) commonly used for the diagnosis of Sleep apnea

Polysomnography (sleep studies) commonly used for the diagnosis of Sleep apnea

Department of Pulmonary Medicine is well equipped to manage all types of respiratory disorders like :

 Diseases of the airway (Bronchial Asthma, COPD)

 Interstitial diseases

 Diseases of alveolar space (ARDS)

 Diseases of pulmonary vasculature (PAH, PE, Vacuities)

 Diseases of ventilatory control, occupational lung diseases, all types of infection related to lungs, diseases of mediastinum and pleura, cancer of lung & pleura

 Sleep related disorders (SAS, Narcolepsy, restless leg syndrome, periodic limb movement, UARS)

  Upper airway resistance syndrome

The unit is very well equipped with ultra-modern gadgets. Hospital has one of the best PFT labs, bronchoscopy units (Pediatric& Adult) in the country.

Interventional Pulmonary Procedures performed at the unit are :

 Tracheal Stent Placement

 Tracheobronchial Stenting

  Tracheomalacia Study

  Transbronchial Needle Aspiration

  Transbronchial Lung Biopsy

  Forcep Biopsy

  Transbronchial Needle Aspiration

  Transbronchial Lung Biopsy

  Forcep Biopsy

  Brush Biopsy

  Therapeutic Lung Lavage

  Bronchoalveolar Lavage

Our services

We provide preventive diagnostic services to the patients who are at high risk of developing lung cancer sleep related breathing disorders and common preventable respiratory problems.

Pulmonary Function Tests

 Spirometry

  Lung Volume including RV, TLC, FRC

 Diffusion Capacity of lung. (DLCO)

  Respiratory Muscle Strength (MIP, MEP)

 6 minute walk test

  Pulse Oxymetry

 Pre & post exercise Oxymetry

Sleep Medicine

Polysomnography or sleep study has become science itself in the modern day medical world. Sleep related disorders, mainly Sleep Apnoea Syndrome, is very common in obese patients and they snore at night. These patients are at very high risk of developing hypertension, paralysis and thyroid problems.

Following sleep tests are conducted here :

  Complete Overnight Polysomnography (COP)

  COP with CPAP titration

 Limited Sleep Study

 Multiple Sleep Latency Test

 Nocturnal Oxymetry

  Appointment Now

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